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Indigenous History

The Peramangk People

The original inhabitants of lobethal were the Peramangk people. The Peramangk lived in the strip of country running north from Mount Barker to the Angaston district and south to Strathalbyn.

The Peramangk people had access to the Murray River. Peramangk place names can still be found at these places. Peramangk people had relations along the River Murray, and areas north of Manunka and around to Swan Reach.

The Peramangk maintained a good supply of water and plentiful amount of food; they rarely needed to move down onto the Adelaide plains in search of food. They traded with the Aboriginal people in adjoining nations, supplying flint, quarts, supple whip-stick mallee spears, opossum skins and other items not found on the plains and lower lakes.

Within the community, the men would hunt for animal food while the women gathered vegetables, cared for the children and maintained the campsite. They would remain at a campsite for several days before moving to prevent over-use of the area and its food supply and resources, thus ensuring the environment for future generations over thousands of years.

Their diet varied according to the season with vegetables, seeds, honey, eggs, grubs, insects, lizards, snakes, fish, yabbies, opossums, and larger game such as kangaroos, wallabies and emus, but depended on traditional laws of season and permissions of access.

The people wore very little clothing, especially in summer, but the women were more likely to wear a cloak of opossum fur or kangaroo skin.


Summary by: Ivan-Tiwu Copley  2009

For further information about the Peramangk people see: